The combination skin is particularly difficult to take care of due to the fact that some of its parts are oily while others are dry. It arises from water-fat balance disorders. Most often in the areas of forehead, nose and chin (which is the T zone) the skin gets excessively oily and shiny, it is also common for different imperfections to appear in these areas, like blackheads, pimples, enlarged pores. The skin on the cheeks, on the other hand, tends to be excessively dry, and sometimes even gets slightly flaky. There might be an itchy sensation as well as skin Irritation and tension.
How to recognize combination skin?
The combination skin is a combination of two or even three types of skin. There was a time when combination skin referred to skin that gets excessively oily around the so-called T zone.
These days, the characteristics of the combination skin are slightly more complicated. Due to being exposed to an array of potential irritating factors, years of skin care errors and negligence, it is becoming increasingly common for owners of combination skin to complain about skin irritations, certain parts of the face being overly sensitive, or even burst vessels. Usually excess oil and imperfections appear on the forehead, nose and chin, whereas the skin on the cheeks becomes Dry and sensitive. It might sometimes also have tiny vessels visible underneath.
How to see if it’s a combination skin? Just leave washed face for a few minutes without applying cream. If a dry, astringent sensation occurs around cheeks while the nose and chin and the center of the forehead start to glow, in such case we’re likely dealing with combination skin.
How to take care of combination skin? The basic rule in the combination skin care is to normalize the excessively oily areas of the face. At the same time, the dry areas have to be moisturized, protected and regenerated. You can recognize the dry areas when you wash them with water and they become puckered, they might also get flaky. What should a daily skin care plan be like in detail?
- Wash the skin with face cleansing foam or gel twice a day.
- After washing, apply a tonic on the skin to restore its proper pH.
- Moisturize the whole face with a cream – Dehydrated skin is the main cause of sebum overproduction.
- Exfoliate at least once a week so that you can peel off dead epidermis and limit development of blackheads.
What to avoid?
This type of skin requires firstly a good diagnosis and secondly – extraordinary diligence in skin care. Like every other type of skin, it doesn’t take skin care errors lightly. The most common ones are:
- Improper application of cosmetics – if the skin’s condition requires using two different types of cosmetics (for oily and dry skin), they need to be applied in the exact places where they should be used – otherwise the skin’s condition will get worse, instead of getting better.
- Using only oily skin cosmetics – it makes the dry areas of the face too dry, which might make the skin around those parts potentially flaky.
- Too much degreasing of the T zone – excess of desiccant cosmetics causes the skin to start producing even more sebum, and glow even stronger.
- Using tonics containing alcohol – it disturbs the skin’s lipid balance.
- Washing face with water and soap – the excessively oily parts of the face can deal with such treatment, but the dry parts will respond with excessive puckering and flaking.