Diseases and conditions

Home remedies for heartburn

Do you ever feel a burning pain in your chest after a meal? Do you have a feeling of the sour gastric juice is backtracking into your oesophagus? It is probably heartburn. Get to know the tested ways to battle it.

Article contents

The causes of heartburn

The main cause of heartburn is the relaxing of the muscle separating the oesophagus from the stomach. The correctly functioning sphincter shrinks after the swallowed food goes through the oesophagus, therefore preventing it from going back. In the case of it not tensing, a reflux can happen. The relaxing of the muscle may happen due to smoking cigarettes or consuming of certain foods or meducation (oral contraceptives, calcium channel blocker, nitrates, anti-anxiety medication or heart medication).

Heartburn can accompany the irritation or inflamation of the oesophagus, an increase in the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach or hiatal hernia of the diaphragm (where a part of the stomach is relocated above the diaphram and into the chest). Lack of saliva production is also an important, however a rare factor that may cause the heartburn. Saliva, having a slightly alkaline pH, neutralises the hydrochloric acid remaining in the oesophagus and its excess in the stomach. Read below home remedies for heartburn.

How to avoid heartburn?

For many people, heartburn appears usually after a larger meal. In this situation, it is enough to follow a few simple rules, which will prevent us from getting the unpleasant afflictions.

  • Eat 4-5 smaller meals every day, with 3-4 hours inbetween them.
  • Eat with no rush, chewing every bite thoroughly.
  • If you know that certain products cause heartburn, avoid them in your diet.
  • Try to avoid heavy and greasy foods.
  • Stop smoking and decrease your comsumption of alcohol, fizzy drinks and beverages rich in caffeine.
  • After meals, reach for alkalising products, e.g. almonds.
  • If you do sports, train a few hours after eating.
  • Laying down directly after a meal increases the chances of getting heartburn, therefore you should not eat directly before bed.
home remedies for heartburn

Home remedies for heartburn

  • Tea with ginger root
    You can try ginger root tea or homemade ginger root infusion. The root of the plant is able to help for many stomach or digestion issues. Drink it half an hour before a meal – it will work like an acidic buffer.
  • Spices
    Linseed (in form of a mixture or as an addition to food) is great at fighting heartburn, as it has a strengthening and soothing effect on the oesophagus’ epithelium, as well as helping in digestion. Caraway (1 tablespoon taken with water or as a spice for meats and other dishes) is also good as an antispasmodic and stimulating the production of stomach acids, as well as ginger root, absorbing acids and soothing for the oesophagus.
  • Linseed
    The recipe for linseed for heartburn is really simple. Pour hot water into one tablespoon of ground linseed and leave covered for 15 minutes, then drink the thick gruel in small sips.
  • Almonds
    An effective and natural heartburn remedy – almonds. Almonds neutralise the excess stomach acid.
  • Water with baking soda
    It is also helpful to drink a glass of warm water with half a teaspoon of baking soda. The baking soda neutralises the alkaline pH, which can get rid of the burning.
Diseases and conditions

The reality of a spring allergy – how to deal with it?

An allergy is a condition whose meaning comes from the Greek words: “allos” – meaning ‘different’ and “ergon” – meaning ‘action’. Allergy therefore means hypersensitivity – an overreaction of the body in contact with allergens (e.g. bacteria, viruses, chemicals, food, medicines, etc.); it is a civilization disease of the XXI century. It is impossible to Permanently and completely cure an allergy.

On this page

Spring allergy symptoms

A spring allergy, caused by an allergy to pollen from flowers, trees and grasses, has symptoms similar to those of a common cold:

  • nasal congestion,
  • sneezing,
  • runny nose,
  • cough,
  • watery eyes.
spring allergy

Who can become affected?

Until recently, pollinosis was thought to be a threat only to schoolchildren who had previously had a food allergy and were comforted that during adolescence, the symptoms gradually decreased until they completely disappeared into adulthood. However, recent studies show that Pollen allergy can be detected both before the age of three and after the age of fifty. Symptoms may become more mild or severe over time, and a reaction to new allergens and other previously absent symptoms may occur. Allergy is hereditary. If one of the parents is allergic, the probability of the child developing this condition is around 30-40 %, or even 80 % if both parents are allergic. It does not matter what type of allergy the mother or father suffered from.

A few rules

If you are allergic, you should implement several rules:

  • limit the amount of time spent outdoors during the hours when pollen intensity in the air is at its highest: between 5 and 8 in the morning and 17-19 in the evening, but you may take a walk during or just after rainfall;
  • close windows and doors, ventilate rooms at night, equip windows with lightweight, densely woven curtains that are ideal for pollen retention;
  • avoid areas where the concentration of pollen is particularly high, avoid areas where lawns are mown, hay is being cut, etc. ;
  • spend your holidays in areas with the Lowest pollen concentration: by the sea or in the mountains at least 1000m above sea level;
  • do not open car windows while driving;
  • protect yourself while walking outside by wearing glasses and a hat;
  • do not dry your laundry outside;
  • when returning from outdoors, wash your face and hands, bathe and wash your hair daily;
  • remove dried flowers, potted plants or hay mattresses from your home;
  • regularly bathe domestic animals that go outdoors: pollen is deposited on their coats, which passes around the house freely along with them;
  • take medication at specific times, in doses previously specified by a doctor.

Natural remedies

The most effective home allergy treatment is to remove pollen from the nose by rinsing it with water mixed with a pinch of salt and soda, or a saline solution. Allergy symptoms can also be relieved by using Steam vapour containing essential oils. Eucalyptus is the most effective, Roman camomile and patchouli also work well. Nettle infusion will bring relief from hay fever and help cleanse the sinuses.

Diseases and conditions

Bloated stomach – causes, symptoms and treatment

Bloated stomach – a subjective feeling associated with abdominal pain and feeling unwell. Bloating can make everyday life much more difficult, as well as negatively affect the appearance of our figure.

Article shortcut

Why is our stomach bloated?

The amount of gas in the intestine can increase greatly due to:

  • excessive swallowing of air (aerophagia),
  • bacterial fermentation of carbohydrates that have not been properly broken down and absorbed,
  • diseases affecting the intestine,
  • food intolerances,
  • excessive consumption of flatulence-causing food.

Symptoms of excessive gas in the intestine:

  • belching,
  • stomach bloating,
  • excreting smelly gases,
  • enlarged abdomen.

In most cases, the symptoms worsen throughout the day, are most troublesome in the evening, and subside during sleep.

People who wish to improve the quality of their diet and begin to include legumes and vegetables can often experience a bloated stomach in the early stages. Food products that contribute to flatulence include broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprout, cabbage, onion, garlic, asparagus, soybeans, beans, peas and many more.

These plants contain carbohydrates that are poorly digested by food enzymes and are not absorbed from the digestive tract. Instead, these carbohydrates are food for colorectal bacteria – they undergo fermentation to Produce gases. However, this doesn’t mean that you should give up on a healthy diet. With the gradual introduction of flatulent foods to a diet, changes will occur in the digestive processes and the composition of the microflora, and so the symptoms will gradually subside.

Intense aerophagia is the result of abnormal behaviour such as:

  • eating large meals in a hurry,
  • drinking large amounts of carbonated drinks,
  • chewing on gum and sucking hard candies,
  • nervous speaking,
  • smoking cigarettes.
Why is our stomach bloated?

A bloated stomach due to food intolerances

In many cases, troublesome gastrointestinal tract symptoms can occur due to sensitivity to certain foods. Commonly, a bloated stomach indicates food intolerances.

There is a wide range of food intolerance symptoms:

  • abdominal pain,
  • chronic fatigue,
  • feeling unwell,
  • diarrhea,
  • constipation,
  • a feeling of fullness and indigestion,
  • heartburn,
  • migraines,
  • changes to the skin,
  • depression and many others.

In the case of food intolerance, symptoms appear about a day after consuming intolerant ingredients and persist for several days, and if consumed regularly, the symptoms may be chronic and do not subside at all. Thus, it is impossible to determine the source of the problem without taking the appropriate blood test.

A bloated stomach – how to relieve the symptoms?

Adequate Food-related behaviours and a properly adjusted diet allow for improved digestion, less air swallowing and easier excretion of intestinal gases. The following tips will help you reduce discomforts such as belching, flatulence, winds and an enlarged abdomen.

  • 1. Eat regular, small meals every 3 to 4 hours.
  • 2. Chew your food thoroughly and slowly.
  • 3. Avoid having conversations during meals.
  • 4. Gradually introduce flatulence-causing vegetables as part of your diet, and in the case of irritable bowel syndrome eliminate them for a period of time.
  • 5. Limit or exclude Food products which your body does not tolerate.
  • 6. If you suffer from constipation, increase the amount of fiber intake the form of vegetables, fruits and whole grains (wholemeal pasta, bread, groats, oatmeal).
  • 7. Drink plenty of water, minimum 2 to 2.5 litres a day.
  • 8. Don’t forget to include probiotics which improve the composition of the intestinal microflora. Probiotics are found in pharmaceutical preparations or naturally occur in yogurt, kefir and pickled foods.
  • 9. Give up chewing gum, sucking hard candies and smoking tobacco.
  • 10. Be physically active as often as possible.
Diseases and conditions

Living with the Crohn’s disease

Stomach aches, diarrhea and intestinal problems are the typical symptoms of the Crohn’s disease. This ailment cannot be entirely cured, but with the right medicines and diet, it is possible to improve the patient’s comfort of life Significantly. We present tips on how to do it.

Table of contents

Who suffers from the Crohn’s disease most often?

This ailment manifests itself most often in developed countries of Europe and North America. It usually impacts people aged 15 to 25. The initial symptoms, however, may not be very characteristic. Sometimes it takes years from the initial symptoms for the Crohn’s disease to be detected. A slight majority of the patients are Women.

General symptoms of the illness

The general symptoms that are not typically associated with the gastrointestinal tract tend to be ignored. The patients blame them on stress and Too many chores. The most common ones are:

  • weakness and getting tired fast,
  • temperature,
  • weight loss (significant – a few, or even a dozen kilograms, without dieting),
  • inhibited growth when children are affected.

Local symptoms

They depend on localization of the lesions. They will be different in case of affecting the esophagus or when the affected section is the large intestine. Most often, as in about 50% of cases, the lesions affect the small intestine.

In about 40% of cases it’s both the large and small intestine. In 20% of cases it’s only the large intestine. The remaining sections of the gastrointestinal tract are far less likely to be affected by the illness. The typical form that impacts the small intestine most often starts with anemia, prolonged temperature with stomach aches and diarrhea. In more severe cases, there might be blood in the stool, which should always be a very concerning symptom and definitely require an Urgent visit to the doctor. Sometimes the beginning of the illness might be sudden and reminiscent of appendicitis with strong stomach pains.


Sadly, despite numerous types of adjunctive therapies, the Crohn’s disease cannot be fully cured. So far, no remedy was found that could provide the patients with permanent relief for the rest of their life. The symptoms come in waves, which is why the goal of a treatment is to maximize the periods of feeling better and Minimize the inflammations and pain.

The medicines used today make it possible, with patients being able to function pretty normally – provided that the illness is properly detected and that the patient changes their lifestyle and regularly takes the medicines prescribed by the doctor while always watching their body.

crohn's disease

Surgical treatment

It sometimes happens that patients with advanced Crohn’s disease might suffer from impaired functioning of intestines through lesions developing in the mucous membrane, as well as development of ulcers or fistulas. In such situation, a surgical procedure might be necessary. Such procedure is also recommended when a patient doesn’t experience improvement after using all the other methods of treatment.


People suffering from the Crohn’s disease have to make sure that their meals are regular and diverse when possible. It is important to avoid products that cause stomach aches or other typical symptoms. On top of that, light meals should be preferred. Food should be calorie-dense and contain as many vitamins and nutrients as possible, as those may be wasted due to Diarrheas.

Diseases and conditions

Obesity and diabetes go hand in hand?

Diabetes is the curse of our time. It used to affect 40-year-olds, but today even 20-year-olds are exposed to this disease … Obesity and diabetes – most often they go hand in hand. Is there anything to be afraid of?

Article contents

Obesity and the likelihood of diabetes

Diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance and abnormal fasting glucose are more common in obese people than in those with normal body weight. The longer the duration of obesity, or the higher the degree of obesity, the greater the risk of developing diabetes. An epidemiological study conducted in the United States on a group of 100,000 people showed that the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in people with a BMI> 35 kg / m² is 30-40 times higher compared to people with a BMI <22 kg / m². The relative risk of Type 2 diabetes was 38. 8 times higher for women with a BMI> 35 kg / m² compared to women with a BMI <23. 0. Even among people with normal body weight (BMI 18. 5-25 kg / m²), higher body weight (BMI> 23) increased the risk of diabetes compared to lower body weight (BMI <22). The relationship between obesity and diabetes is confirmed by the fact that among people with Type 2 diabetes, as much as 90% are people with excessive body weight.

Abdominal obesity, or “apple body shape”, characterized by the accumulation of adipose tissue inside the abdominal cavity, is a strong determinant of diabetes. Obesity is also an independent Risk factor for cardiovascular complications.

How to fight against diabetes?

You can control your diabetes. Obesity is the cause of it, so the main factor that will inhibit its development is weight loss. Only the correct weight will lead to an optimal blood glucose level. To do this, you need to develop proper, Healthy eating habits, as well as to introduce sports activities into your everyday life.

It is worth remembering that the meals have an adequate energy balance – you can not eat too little or too much. Each of the three ingredients – protein, carbohydrates, and fats – should be in the right amount.

obesity and diabetes

Moving for health

Healthy, moderate eating should be supported by physical activity. It helps to reduce body fat and maintain proper body weight. Regular exercises help reduce blood sugar, lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke, reduce the body’s need for insulin, strengthen bones and improve muscle strength.

One of the most noticeable changes arising from muscular work in humans is a smaller increase in serum insulin in response to an increase in blood glucose. This is due to less postprandial insulin secretion by pancreatic β cells, an increase in insulin catabolism and an increase in the number of receptors in the body’s peripheral tissues for this hormone. Appropriate physical training helps reduce fat mass in diabetic patients with obesity.

Diseases and conditions

White dots and spots on nails – how to deal with them?

White spots on nails are referred to as leukonychia. The most common cause of their development is deficiency of specific vitamins and minerals, but in many cases they aren’t actually responsible for the problem. In many cases, white spots on nails are a result of Micro-injuries that damage the nail base.

Article contents

Causes of discolorations on nails

White dots and spots on nails are in most cases just a harmless defect. Pseudoleukonychia is mostly caused by minor trauma to the nail plate, it may also be a result of an allergic reaction caused by using inadequate nail polish. White spots or dots on nails might also be caused by hybrid agents or polish removers. When it comes to real and fake leukonychia, on the other hand, they may indicate presence of a more serious illness. Pseudoleukonychia is usually caused by:

  • anemia,
  • excess sweating,
  • kidney disease,
  • albumin deficiency,
  • cirrhosis of the liver.

Real leukonychia sometimes indicates: heart and kidney failure, infections, Hodgkin lymphoma or alopecia areata. It may also be caused by deficiency of vitamins, mineral salts and elements – Calcium, magnesium, zinc, potassium.

How to get rid of white spots on nails?

Adults can mask them by applying nail polish, getting manicure, like the titanium kind for example that strengthens nails. Sometimes there is no other option than to wait for the discoloration to vanish as the plate grows.

Can white spots on the nails be prevented from appearing? It’s a good idea to oil up the nail plate, take proper care of hand and foot hygiene. We should also pay attention to how we get our manicure done and to the quality of nail care and decoration products. It is also a good idea to take care of our diet – it should be diverse. If the cause of the problem is nail fungus, dermatological treatments are a must. If white spots on the nails are connected to the body’s ailments, the treatment should be related to the particular Illnesses.

White spots on nails, when they are concerning, appear frequently and are intensive, should be shown to a doctor and get adequately tested. It is especially a good idea to check the hemoglobin and results of tests conducted when there’s a suspicion of hypothyroid. You may also use supplementation after consulting a doctor or pharmacist.

white dots and spots on nails

Symptoms of other Illnesses

The causes of white spots on nails don’t have to be directly related to Illnesses of the nail itself, mechanical traumas or mineral deficiencies. White spots on hand and leg nails might be an indication of an illness developing inside the body. White spots on nails can indicate the following:

  • lowered immunity to infections,
  • anemia,
  • stomach Illnesses,
  • intestinal failure,
  • tuberculosis,
  • kidney failure,
  • heavy metal poisoning.
Diseases and conditions

Viral or bacterial infection – what are the differences between viruses and bacteria?

Unseen to a naked eye, pathogenic microorganisms can take you down within a few hours and get you stuck in bed for a few days. We should realize that infections caused by Bacteria and viruses differ from each other significantly. Why is it so important to tell the difference between a viral and a bacterial infection?

Article contents

The differences between a bacterium and a virus

When thinking about Bacteria and viruses, we usually picture two microorganisms. However, whereas a bacterium most certainly is a microorganism and it’s definitely alive, the things aren’t that clear when it comes to viruses. That’s because if we look into the definitions, viruses are actually (simply put) an advanced particle made of proteins and nucleic acid.

Viruses don’t have metabolism, which is one of the criteria for recognizing an organism as alive. They can’t reproduce on their own, either – they need a host for that, which are the cells of a body they attack. And here comes the answer to the question of why we have a limited number of medicines against viruses. What are the differences between viral or bacterial infection?

Does the presence of viruses or bacteria in the body always indicate an illness?

The fact that each of us carries a large number of bacteria in their body is known to everyone. It might feel strange, though, that most of us are also hosts to potentially Pathogenic viruses. In a vast majority of cases, our body is great at handling them and “keeping them in line”. They might be dangerous, however, to people with immunity disorders, for example.

Scientists at the University of Washington took samples from 102 people aged 18 to 40. All those people were healthy, but the smears from their noses, skin, mouths, vaginas and stools turned out to be full of viruses. Those were mostly the strains responsible for flu, vaginitis and herpes. So why, despite being at constant risk of contact with viruses, we aren’t always sick?

viral or bacterial infection

Strong immune system

Every infection, be it viral or bacterial, causes the immune system to activate. Well trained immune system cells are great at recognizing whether a bacterium is potentially pathogenic. They can also recognize viruses. The truth is, our body is a never ending battlefield where the forces of our immune system are involved. Falling ill is something that usually occurs when it’s weakened.

When it comes to bacterial infections, we can take an antibiotic in such case – when a doctor determines that the body won’t handle it on its own, like in case of angina. For Viral infections – well, we just have to stay home and try to support our immunity the best we can. On top of that, it’s also a good idea to especially take good care of our microflora while infected. Our good gut bacteria can not only support the body in battling pathogens, but some of them secret special protein substances called bacteriocins. These are strong toxic substances the functioning of which is similar to that of antibiotics.

Viral or bacterial infection – how to tell them apart?

In a layman’s eyes, a viral and bacterial infection can have a similar course. In most cases, a viral infection develops less rapidly than a bacterial one (but it’s not always the case). It starts with a headache, sore muscles and is soon followed by other symptoms such as: sore throat, dry cough. Usually it’s not accompanied by a high temperature. The rule of thumb is that for a viral throat infection, if there is no improvement after 3 days and the symptoms actually get worse, there is quite a chance that the infection will morph into a bacterial one.

A bacterial infection (usually caused by streptococci, but it may also be a staph for example) usually starts rapidly, is accompanied by a high temperature, enlarged lymph nodes. We should remember, though, that it’s not a rule. Sometimes bacterial pneumonia seems very innocent. That’s why, whenever the symptoms are rapid or won’t go away in a few days, it is necessary to Consult a doctor.