White spots on nails are referred to as leukonychia. The most common cause of their development is deficiency of specific vitamins and minerals, but in many cases they aren’t actually responsible for the problem. In many cases, white spots on nails are a result of micro-injuries that damage the nail base.
Causes of discolorations on nails
White dots and spots on nails are in most cases just a harmless defect. Pseudoleukonychia is mostly caused by minor trauma to the nail plate, it may also be a result of an allergic reaction caused by using inadequate nail polish. White spots or dots on nails might also be caused by hybrid agents or polish removers. When it comes to real and fake leukonychia, on the other hand, they may indicate presence of a more serious illness. Pseudoleukonychia is usually caused by:
- excess sweating,
- kidney disease,
- albumin deficiency,
- cirrhosis of the liver.
Real leukonychia sometimes indicates: heart and kidney failure, infections, Hodgkin lymphoma or alopecia areata. It may also be caused by deficiency of vitamins, mineral salts and elements – Calcium, magnesium, zinc, potassium.
How to get rid of white spots on nails?
Adults can mask them by applying nail polish, getting manicure, like the titanium kind for example that strengthens nails. Sometimes there is no other option than to wait for the discoloration to vanish as the plate grows.
Can white spots on the nails be prevented from appearing? It’s a good idea to oil up the nail plate, take proper care of hand and foot hygiene. We should also pay attention to how we get our manicure done and to the quality of nail care and decoration products. It is also a good idea to take care of our diet – it should be diverse. If the cause of the problem is nail fungus, dermatological treatments are a must. If white spots on the nails are connected to the body’s ailments, the treatment should be related to the particular Illnesses.
White spots on nails, when they are concerning, appear frequently and are intensive, should be shown to a doctor and get adequately tested. It is especially a good idea to check the hemoglobin and results of tests conducted when there’s a suspicion of Hypothyroid. You may also use supplementation after consulting a doctor or pharmacist.
Symptoms of other Illnesses
The causes of white spots on nails don’t have to be directly related to Illnesses of the nail itself, mechanical traumas or mineral Deficiencies. White spots on hand and leg nails might be an indication of an illness developing inside the body. White spots on nails can indicate the following:
- lowered immunity to infections,
- stomach Illnesses,
- intestinal failure,
- kidney failure,
- heavy metal poisoning.