Diabetes is the curse of our time. It used to affect 40-year-olds, but today even 20-year-olds are exposed to this disease … Obesity and diabetes – most often they go hand in hand. Is there anything to be afraid of?
Obesity and the likelihood of diabetes
Diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance and abnormal fasting glucose are more common in obese people than in those with normal body weight. The longer the duration of obesity, or the higher the degree of obesity, the greater the risk of developing diabetes. An epidemiological study conducted in the United States on a group of 100,000 people showed that the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in people with a BMI> 35 kg / m² is 30-40 times higher compared to people with a BMI <22 kg / m². The relative risk of Type 2 diabetes was 38. 8 times higher for women with a BMI> 35 kg / m² compared to women with a BMI <23. 0. Even among people with normal body weight (BMI 18. 5-25 kg / m²), higher body weight (BMI> 23) increased the risk of diabetes compared to lower body weight (BMI <22). The relationship between obesity and diabetes is confirmed by the fact that among people with Type 2 diabetes, as much as 90% are people with excessive body weight.
Abdominal obesity, or “apple body shape”, characterized by the accumulation of adipose tissue inside the abdominal cavity, is a strong determinant of diabetes. Obesity is also an independent Risk factor for cardiovascular complications.
How to fight against diabetes?
You can control your diabetes. Obesity is the cause of it, so the main factor that will inhibit its development is weight loss. Only the correct weight will lead to an optimal blood glucose level. To do this, you need to develop proper, Healthy eating habits, as well as to introduce sports activities into your everyday life.
It is worth remembering that the meals have an adequate energy balance – you can not eat too little or too much. Each of the three ingredients – protein, carbohydrates, and fats – should be in the right amount.
Moving for health
Healthy, moderate eating should be supported by physical activity. It helps to reduce body fat and maintain proper body weight. Regular exercises help reduce blood sugar, lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke, reduce the body’s need for insulin, strengthen bones and improve muscle strength.
One of the most noticeable changes arising from muscular work in humans is a smaller increase in serum insulin in response to an increase in blood glucose. This is due to less postprandial insulin secretion by pancreatic β cells, an increase in insulin catabolism and an increase in the number of receptors in the body’s peripheral tissues for this hormone. Appropriate physical training helps reduce fat mass in diabetic patients with obesity.