An allergy is a condition whose meaning comes from the Greek words: “allos” – meaning ‘different’ and “ergon” – meaning ‘action’. Allergy therefore means hypersensitivity – an overreaction of the body in contact with allergens (e.g. bacteria, viruses, chemicals, food, medicines, etc.); it is a civilization disease of the XXI century. It is impossible to Permanently and completely cure an allergy.
Spring allergy symptoms
A spring allergy, caused by an allergy to pollen from flowers, trees and grasses, has symptoms similar to those of a common cold:
- nasal congestion,
- runny nose,
- watery eyes.
Who can become affected?
Until recently, pollinosis was thought to be a threat only to schoolchildren who had previously had a food allergy and were comforted that during adolescence, the symptoms gradually decreased until they completely disappeared into adulthood. However, recent studies show that Pollen allergy can be detected both before the age of three and after the age of fifty. Symptoms may become more mild or severe over time, and a reaction to new allergens and other previously absent symptoms may occur. Allergy is hereditary. If one of the parents is allergic, the probability of the child developing this condition is around 30-40 %, or even 80 % if both parents are allergic. It does not matter what type of allergy the mother or father suffered from.
A few rules
If you are allergic, you should implement several rules:
- limit the amount of time spent outdoors during the hours when pollen intensity in the air is at its highest: between 5 and 8 in the morning and 17-19 in the evening, but you may take a walk during or just after rainfall;
- close windows and doors, ventilate rooms at night, equip windows with lightweight, densely woven curtains that are ideal for pollen retention;
- avoid areas where the concentration of pollen is particularly high, avoid areas where lawns are mown, hay is being cut, etc. ;
- spend your holidays in areas with the Lowest pollen concentration: by the sea or in the mountains at least 1000m above sea level;
- do not open car windows while driving;
- protect yourself while walking outside by wearing glasses and a hat;
- do not dry your laundry outside;
- when returning from outdoors, wash your face and hands, bathe and wash your hair daily;
- remove dried flowers, potted plants or hay mattresses from your home;
- regularly bathe domestic animals that go outdoors: pollen is deposited on their coats, which passes around the house freely along with them;
- take medication at specific times, in doses previously specified by a doctor.
The most effective home allergy treatment is to remove pollen from the nose by rinsing it with water mixed with a pinch of salt and soda, or a saline solution. Allergy symptoms can also be relieved by using Steam vapour containing essential oils. Eucalyptus is the most effective, Roman camomile and patchouli also work well. Nettle infusion will bring relief from hay fever and help cleanse the sinuses.